Metformin is a drug whose active ingredient has been identified and isolated. It is a compound belonging to the family of drugs called biguanides. Chemically, Metformin is made up of two guanidine rings that are linked. Although this medication has been used to treat patients with diabetes for more than 30 years, the exact way it works has mainly stayed a mystery. Scientists have only very recently been able to discover why it is effective. It is because Metformin has several effects on the metabolism of glucose. Because of these effects, the tissues in the liver and muscles develop better sensitivity to insulin.
The advantages of taking metformina include a decrease in the amount of non-carbohydrate glucose that is synthesized by the liver. This is also called gluconeogenesis. So Metformin has the effect of lowering levels of glucose. It also is beneficial in the lowering of the number of fatty acids that are circulating in the blood because of lipid metabolism. In addition, it reduces VLDL that is another process that is causing cardiovascular disease from fatty acid circulation.
There are, of course, several reasons why someone is overweight. One of these reasons is insulin. Insulin is a form of fat that is principally stored in your belly. As you eat, your blood sugar will go up. The higher its level goes, the greater the amount of insulin that the body has to release in the pancreas.
Insulin will act on your brain to make you feel hungry, and this will help make you fat. This process will cause the liver to manufacture fat and, as a result, the belly will fill with fat. Of course, the best way to treat this type of obesity is to stay away from foods that will cause the greatest rise in the amount of glucose in the blood. It is also usually suggested that you take medications that will help keep blood sugar levels from going too high.
What should you avoid? The answer is all kinds of pastas, bakery products and other foods made from flour. In addition, avoid food products made with added sugar and fruit juices. You should only eat root vegetables and fruits with meals. This is because any sugar that you consume will travel through the intestines into the bloodstream and then to the liver.
The active ingredient in Metformin is Glucophage, which helps to lower the amount of sugar being released from the liver and keep the blood sugar levels from being too high. Thus, your body will not need to produce the same amount of insulin to make you feel hungry. In turn, the liver will not allow sugar to be converted to fat. Aside from helping cure diabetes and losing weight, there are other benefits to taking Metformin. However, Metformin is less effective when the blood is acidic because the extra lactic acid will interfere with its function. There are several research studies that show that you will release lactic acid when you exercise but that it will not raise acid levels in the blood to the point where Glucophage will not be effective.
This mechanism where Metformin helps to lower insulin levels is the reason it is good for curing diabetes. The drug is also very good for treating different types of diabetes. Because it works on the source of the high blood sugar it will help reduce insulin resistance and it will also either delay or prevent the beginning of Type 2 diabetes where the problem is insulin resistance and impaired glucose tolerance. In addition, it reduces the risk of death from diabetes, strokes, heart attacks and many other diseases.